plique spoon

Caddie spoon,  Marius  Hammer,  Bergen
PLIQUE-À-JOUR (pronounced: 'pleek-uh-joor' )

is the rarest, most technically difficult, and prettiest of the various enamel processes used in precious metal  designs.

The result of all the skilled workmanship is to create a 'stained glass effect' using colored transparent backless enamels.

Only a few companies made spoons in this style.

Unfortunately I do not have the proper lighting setup that is required to photograph these spoons properly,
so you will have to use your imagination and envision a stained glass window.
The enamels are bright and vivid when a strong light shines through them and my photography just does not
capture that brilliance.

Some of these beautiful spoons have not yet had their manufacturer identified.
If you can be of help please contact me.

plique spoons
1. David Andersen, Norway
2. Georg Scheid, Austria

plique spoons
1. David Andersen, Norway
2. David Andersen, Norway
3. fantastic art nouveau butterfly finial

plique a jour spoons
unknown American manufacture

plique a jour spoons
1. Unknown American manufacturer
2. David Andersen, Norway
3. Unknown American manufacturer, from Chicago worlds fair of 1893

plique a jour spoons
2. J. Tostrup of Christiania (Oslo), Norway
4. the Campbell Metcalf filligree was offered in several colors and also an unenameled economy version.
others not traced

plique a jour spoons
Four spoons by Georg Adam Scheid of Vienna.  (Mark is G.A.S.) 
The handles and bowls were formed by lost wax casting.
  The finial was made by wire work.
The bowls create quite a beautiful display.

plique a jour spoons
1. Beautiful art nouveau style handle
3. Campbell Metcalf, Providence, Rhode Island (1892-1898)

plique a jour spoons
David Andersen (also available in different color schemes)

plique a jour spoons
2. Campbell Metcalf
3. Campbell Metcalf
4.  Johan G. Kjaerland of Bergen, Norway
5. J. Tostrup of Christiania (Oslo), Norway

plique a jour spoons
all four spoons from David Andersen, Norway

plique a jour spoons
1. Marius Hammer of Bergen

plique a jour spoons
unknown manufacturer

plique a jour spoons
2. Georg Adam Scheid of Vienna

plique a jour spoons
1.  J. Tostrup
2. Marius Hammer

plique a jour spoons
2. J. Tostrup
3. pickle fork, J. Tostrup

scheid plique-a-jour spoon
scheid plique-a-jour spoon
Beautiful plique-a-jour by Georg Adam Scheid of Vienna ca.1900

According to Mr. R. Corson this "is a member of a family of spoons all with triangular bowls, bearing Arabic or Turkish calligraphy and parallel wire handles decorated with plique-a-jour elements, usually with a crescent and star finial.  I have 13 of these in 2 sizes, and this is a new handle design and calligraphy I haven't seen before.  These spoons were made both for the Turkish trade and the tourists. "  
Mr. W. Kundis has provided further enlightenment. He states that " it's Ottoman Turkish written with Arabic letters. What does it say?: CHICAGO!"
Mr. Corson has further verified that Georg Scheid was an exhibitor at the 1893 Columbian Worlds fair and has documentation indicating that these spoons were sold at the fair.
I do not know if this spoon was sold as a souvenir or if it was part of the display at the fair.
plique mexico spoon
Plique-a-jour surrounds the cutout of 'Mexico' on this 800 silver spoon which also features
a scene of the zocalo in Mexico City. I suspect this spoon was made in Germany or Austria in the 1880's

plique a jour spoons
Damaged examples
(worth substantially less)

Plique-à-jour spoons are rare and expensive for their size. Enameling processes range from simple to complicated and objects resulting should be evaluated on the basis of the skill of workmanship required as well as the beauty of the product. Cold enameling (epoxy) is  similar to painting-by-numbers, they are a low skilled endeavor and should not command a premium price. Cloisonnè and Champlevè are a much more difficult process (but the Chinese have figured out how to mass produce Champlevè) and should command a much higher price. Plique-à-jour is the most difficult enameling process and requires a highly skilled artistic silversmith. Even under the best of circumstances there are often problems in the production process. Plique-à-jour spoons sell between $40 and $200+.

I want to thank B. Corson for helping me identify some of these pieces

Other items are also made using plique-à-jour. Click to see a set of hors-d'ouvre picks

To see a set of 6 plique-à-jour spoons--Click Here

Mr. Corson has now put many of his  spoons on the internet. You can see those spoons by clicking Here